Leviticus 8-10 This is the LORD’s command, that the glory of the LORD may appear to you

From Leviticus 8-10

Today’s passage describes the very first sacrificial ritual of Aarons priesthood. In it the LORD gives them a command to sacrifice that he may appear to them in glory. In the same way, Jesus had to sacrifice himself so that we may see God’s glory.

This post is part of my bible in a year series.

Passage and Comments

The LORD has given instructions for the sacrificial offerings and has prepared the priests. In this chapter the LORD will come down and appear to them.

Anon, 2009. 1000 Bible Images, Stuttgart, Germany: German Bible Society.

9 On the eighth day Moses called Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel, 2 and he said to Aaron, “Take for yourself a bull calf for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, both without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.

3 And say to the people of Israel, ‘Take a male goat for a sin offering, and a calf and a lamb, both a year old without blemish, for a burnt offering, 4 and an ox and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD, and a grain offering mixed with oil, for today the LORD will appear to you.’ ” 5 And they brought what Moses commanded in front of the tent of meeting, and all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD.

6 And Moses said, “This is the thing that the LORD commanded you to do, that the glory of the LORD may appear to you.”

7 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Draw near to the altar and offer your sin offering and your burnt offering and make atonement for yourself and for the people, and bring the offering of the people and make atonement for them, as the LORD has commanded.” (Lev 1-7)

‘Offering’. The LORD’s instructions involve the giving of many sacrificial offerings. Sin offerings, burnt offerings, peace and grain offerings.

‘Make atonement’. These offerings deal with their sin and prepare them for God’s appearing.

8 So Aaron drew near to the altar and killed the calf of the sin offering, which was for himself. 9 And the sons of Aaron presented the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in the blood and put it on the horns of the altar and poured out the blood at the base of the altar. 10 But the fat and the kidneys and the long lobe of the liver from the sin offering he burned on the altar, as the LORD commanded Moses. 11 The flesh and the skin he burned up with fire outside the camp.

12 Then he killed the burnt offering, and Aaron’s sons handed him the blood, and he threw it against the sides of the altar. 13 And they handed the burnt offering to him, piece by piece, and the head, and he burned them on the altar. 14 And he washed the entrails and the legs and burned them with the burnt offering on the altar. (Lev 8-14)

‘Aaron drew near’. Aaron follows the LORD’s instructions. The first set of sacrifices are for himself and his sons. The blood of the sacrifices is shed and poured at the base of the altar before the LORD.

15 Then he presented the people’s offering and took the goat of the sin offering that was for the people and killed it and offered it as a sin offering, like the first one. 16 And he presented the burnt offering and offered it according to the rule. 17 And he presented the grain offering, took a handful of it, and burned it on the altar, besides the burnt offering of the morning.

18 Then he killed the ox and the ram, the sacrifice of peace offerings for the people. And Aaron’s sons handed him the blood, and he threw it against the sides of the altar. 19 But the fat pieces of the ox and of the ram, the fat tail and that which covers the entrails and the kidneys and the long lobe of the liver— 20 they put the fat pieces on the breasts, and he burned the fat pieces on the altar, 21 but the breasts and the right thigh Aaron waved for a wave offering before the LORD, as Moses commanded. (Lev 15-21)

‘Peoples offering’. After making atonement for himself, Aaron proceeds to make atonement for the people of Israel.

22 Then Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them, and he came down from offering the sin offering and the burnt offering and the peace offerings.

23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tent of meeting, and when they came out they blessed the people, and the glory of the LORD appeared to all the people. 24 And fire came out from before the LORD and consumed the burnt offering and the pieces of fat on the altar, and when all the people saw it, they shouted and fell on their faces. (Lev 22-24)

‘Glory of the LORD’. After Aaron completed the necessary sacrifices the LORD appeared and fire comes down and consumes the sacrifice. The people respond in fear and worship.

Story of Israel

Click to enlarge.

At the ancient sanctuary, Israelites worshiped God and received expiation for their faults through sacrificial officiation by human priests, who served as their mediators with God. Although the priests themselves did not grant forgiveness, sinners could not approach God through sacrifice without them. (Gane, R., 2004. Leviticus, Numbers, Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.)

Story of Jesus

In the Gospel, Jesus died to bring us to God because his sacrifice uniquely separates us from the sin that keeps us from God’s presence.

14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God. (Heb 9.14)

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